What can I do about my dry, dehydrated skin?

Dry, dehydrated skin can be temporary, or a lifelong concern

Dry skin can be genetically determined, or can be a products of an increasingly stressful lifestyle coupled with continual exposure to the sun, wind and chemicals in the environment. It can also be caused by inappropriate products on the skin.

dry, or dehydrated?

Dry skin, or allipoid skin, generally refers to skin that is lacking in oil. Dehydrated skin is characterised by lack of moisture in the Stratum Corneum.

Oily skin can experience dehydration. As mentioned, dehydration is a lack of water, not oil. This means sebaceous oil activity can still be normal or even overactive in dehydrated skin.

Both dry and dehydrated skin can experience:

  • irritation, inflammation and itchiness
  • a feeling of tightness or tautness
  • a look of feel of roughness
  • slight to severe flaking and scaling
  • fine lines, cracks that can sometimes bleed and severe rednes

One of the biggest consequences is an increase in sensitivity, as dryness and dehydration are precursors to sensitised skin.

The top three causes of dry, dehydrated skin

1.Intrinsic Ageing – Intrinsic ageing is the normal process of physical change over time that’s more about genetics than lifestyle. (Lifestyle-induced ageing is known as premature ageing.) Activity of the sebaceous glands responsible for oil secretions tend to decrease with age, and the skin’s natural hydrators decline over the years. Ageing also may cause blood flow to the skin to decrease, causing a drop in sebum production.

2.Weather/Envirnonment Elements – Prolonged exposure to the sun causes water to evaporate from the skin, which is why sunburnt skin requires more moisturisation than unexposed areas. Likewise, cold winds, air conditioning units, forced air heating and low temperatures can also dry out skin, contributing to premature ageing.

3.Lifestyle – The trend of fat-free diets can deprive our bodies of skin-friendly Essential Fatty Acids (EFAs). This deficiency can result in chronic itching, dryness, scaling, thinning, and can lead to an imbalance in prostoglandins (chemical messengers that do more things, such as control inflammation)

Excess intake of alcoholic beverages and certain medications (such as nasal decongestants) can also contribute to dry skin.

Proper treatment for results

Professional skin treatments can deliver immediate relief to dry or dehydrated skin while improving texture and tone. Before beginning, Skin analysis will be performed using the Dermalogica Face Mapping technique. This is a zone-by-zone skin analysis to determine is skin is dry or dehydrated, then create a customised treatment around your specific needs that very day.

  • Overuse of moisturisers can contribute to dead skin build up, clogged pores and a lacklustre appearance. Professional exfoliation will remove dead skin cells and debris, helping to bring newer cells to the surface while prepping skin for subsequent product application.

A consistent home care regimen prescribed by your skin therapist will dramatically impact the health of your skin. Along with your regimen, keep the following tips in mind.

  • Do not use hot water when cleansing
  • Perform gentle, upward circles with the hands when cleansing, applying moisturiser or SPF, etc.
  • Steer clear of products with artificial fragrances, colours and S.D. alcohol.
  • Be aware of hormones, stress levels, and alcohol and nicotine intake, as these will affect dryness of skin.

Some of the Dermalogica products suggested for dry, dehydrated skin may include:

  • Essential Cleansing Solution
  • Daily Microfoliant
  • Multi-Active Toner
  • Skin Hydrating Toner
  • Skin Hydrating Masque
  • Skin Hydrating Booster
  • Extra Firming Booster
  • Super Rich Repair
  • Overnight Repair Serum

Filed under: Dermalogica, FAQs, Skin Problems and Solutions

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